Why Annual Comprehensive blood testing is necessary?

Annual blood testing is the most important step adults can take to prevent life-threatening disease such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, or worse. Having the proper blood tests can enable you to enact a science-based disease-prevention program that could add decades of healthy life.

Living in urban India we face many challenges to our health due to lack of clean air, unhealthy life style. The coronary and many risky health issues arise at at an early stage of adulthood to majority of population. Even if we follow healthy lifestyle, it is necessary to have our health in check regularly. With proper blood tests and health checkup we can even cure cancer completely at an early stage.

How Does a Blood Test Indicate Possible Cancer?

For most cancers, blood tests are not diagnostic, though they provide helpful clues about how your body is working. To diagnose hematologic or blood cancers, however, the importance of blood testing is understandably crucial. Doctors look at the complete blood count for high or low counts of different blood cells and also for abnormal blood cells. Low white blood cell counts, for example, can indicate malignancies of the blood or bone marrow. There are five types of white blood cell counts, including neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils, and varying levels of just one type can reveal malignancy. Neutropenia, a low neutrophil count, is a known indicator of LGL Leukemia, a specific type of leukemia discovered by UVA Cancer Center director, Thomas P. Loughran, Jr., MD. High lymphocytes or monocytes can indicate certain cancers as well. Other blood tests that detect cancer include checking blood proteins for immunoglobulins (abnormal immune system proteins), which tend to be elevated in multiple myeloma patients, and blood tests for specific tumor markers, which are chemicals sometimes detectable in blood. Let us take a look at all the essential lab tests.

1. LIVER FUNCTION TEST:

By measuring levels of proteins, enzymes or bilirubiin in the blood & to monitor liver function.

2. LIPID PROFILE:

To measure "good" or "bad" cholesterol levels & Tgl.

3. 24 Hrs URINE CREATININE:

To measure Glomerular Filtration Rate.

4. 24 Hrs URINE URIC ACID:

To detect high levels of uric acid in the urine in order to diagnose the cause of kidney stones and to monitor those with gout who are at risk of developing such stones.

5. ALBUMIN:

To diagnose liver disorder & kidney disease.

6. AMYLASE:

To monitor acute pancreatitis.

7. BILIRUBIN (Total / Direct):

To monitor liver disorder (or)haemolytic anaemia & jaundice.

8. BILIRUBIN (INDIRECT:

To monitor liver disorder (or)haemolytic anaemia & jaundice.

9. BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS BLOOD GLUCOSE- (Random / Fasting / PP):

To screen for and diagnose diabetes and prediabetes and to monitor for high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) or low blood glucose (hypoglycemia).

10. CREATININE:

To diagnose kidney disease.

11. ELECTROLYTES:

To maintain Acid Base Balance

12. GLUCOSE TOLERENCE TEST (GTT):

HbA1C To identify Diabetic /Non diabetic, To help identify those at an increased risk of developing diabetes.

13. RENAL FUNCTION TEST (RFT II):

To diagnose kidney disease.

14. LDH:

To help detect a condition causing tissue damage, such as a blood or liver disease, and to monitor its progress.

15. LDL CHOLESTEROL:

To screen for risk of developing heart disease.

16. LIVER FUNCTION TEST (LFT):

To monitor liver disorder (or)haemolytic anaemia & jaundice.

17. TOTAL CHOLESTEROL:

To screen for risk of developing heart disease.

18. TRIGLYCERIDES (TGL):

To asses the risk of developing heart disease.

19. UREA / URIC ACID:

To diagnose kidney disease & monitor effectiveness of dialysis.

20. VITAMIN A (Retinol):

To determine Vit-A deficiency or toxicity

21. VITAMIN B12:

To help diagnose one cause of anemia or neuropathy; to evaluate nutritional status in some people; to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for vitamin B12 or folate deficiency.

22. VLDL CHOLESTEROL:

To help assess the risk of developing heart disease.

23. PREGNANCY TEST (RAPID):

The tests provide useful information from the time pregnancy is first considered through the initial days of the newborn's life.

24. SEMEN ANALYSIS:

As part of infertility testing if your partner is having trouble becoming pregnant or after a vasectomy to determine if the operation was successful.

25. STOOL COMPLETE ANALYSIS:

To determine whether you have an infection of your digestive tract due to the presence of disease-causing (pathogenic) bacteria.

26. INSULIN (Fasting / PP):

To help determine the cause of low blood glucose (hypoglycemia); to help identify insulin resistance, or to help determine when a type 2 diabetic might need to start taking insulin to supplement oral medications.

27. T3 (Triiodothyronine) :

To diagnose thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism, and determine the cause; to monitor effectiveness of treatment of a thyroid disorder.

28. T4 (Thyroxine):

To help diagnose thyroid disease; to screen for hypothyroidism in newborns; to monitor effectiveness of treatment.

29. THYROID PROFILE- FREE:

To help evaluate thyroid gland function; to diagnose thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism, and determine the cause; to monitor effectiveness of treatment of a thyroid disorder.

30. TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone):

To screen for and help diagnose thyroid disorders; to monitor treatment of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

31. VITAMIN D (1,25) Dihydroxy cholecalciferol:

To determine if you have a vitamin D deficiency; if you are receiving vitamin D supplementation, to determine if it is adequate.

32. VITAMIN D3 (25 OH) Cholecalciferol:

To determine if you have a vitamin D deficiency; if you are receiving vitamin D supplementation, to determine if it is adequate.

33. COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT:

To screen for, diagnose, or monitor any one of a variety of diseases and conditions that affect blood cells, such as anemia, infection, inflammation, bleeding disorder or cancer.

34. Eosinophils:

Investigation of possible acute interstitial nephritis.

35. ESR:

To detect the presence of inflammation caused by one or more conditions such as infections, tumors or autoimmune diseases.

36. Hb ELECTROPHORESIS:

To investigate hemoglobinopathy as the cause of signs and symptoms; to screen for a hemoglobin disorder.

37. MALARIAL PARASITE INDEX ANTI DELTA IgM ANTI HAV IgG/IgM:

To help diagnose the cause of acute hepatitis; as part of a viral hepatitis panel to identify the type of hepatitis virus causing an infection; sometimes to evaluate the need for the hepatitis A vaccine.

38. ANTI HBc Total:

To screen for or diagnose a hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or to determine if the vaccine against hepatitis B has produced the desired level of immunity; may also be used to guide treatment and assess its effectiveness.

39. ANTI Hbe:

To determination of occult hepatitis B infection in otherwise healthy hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers with negative test results for hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-hepatitis B surface, anti-hepatitis B core IgM, hepatitis Be antigen, and anti-HBe.

40. ANTI Hbs:

Monitoring serum anti-hepatitis B surface (anti-HBs) levels during intravenous or intramuscular hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) therapy to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection in liver transplant recipients with known previous chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV).

41. ANTI HBS IgG /IgM:

Monitoring serum anti-hepatitis B surface (anti-HBs) levels during intravenous or intramuscular hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) therapy to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection in liver transplant recipients with known previous chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)

42. ANTI HCV :

To screen for and diagnose a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to monitor treatment of the infection.

43. ANTI HCV-IGG:

To screen for and diagnose a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to monitor treatment of the infection.

44. ANTI HCV-IGM:

To screen for and diagnose a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to monitor treatment of the infection.

45. ANTI HEV IgG:

Diagnosis of past exposure to hepatitis E virus.

46. ANTI HEV IgM:

Diagnosis of past exposure to hepatitis E virus.

47. HBc IgG:

Diagnosis of recent or past hepatitis B infection.

48. HBe Ag:

To Determining infectivity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers,Monitoring infection status of individuals with chronic hepatitis B.

49. Hbs Ag SPOT HbsAg Elisa:

Diagnosis of acute hepatitis B infection Identifying acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the serologic window period when hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antihepatitis B surface (anti-HBs) are negative.

50. HBV DNA (REAL TIME PCR QUANTITATIVE):

Determining infectivity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers Monitoring infection status of chronically HBV-infected patients. Monitoring serologic response of chronically HBV-infected patients who are receiving antiviral therapy.

51. HCV RNA QUANTITATIVE:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) test is a blood test that looks for the genetic material (RNA) of the virus that causes hepatitis or for the proteins (antibodies) the body makes against HCV. These proteins will be present in your blood if you have a hepatitis C infection now or have had one in the past.The quantitative HCV RNA tests measure the amount of hepatitis C virus in the blood.

52. HDV Abs IgM HIV ANTIBODY ( I&II ) ELISA:

Screening for HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 infection in asymptomatic patients.

53. HIV I & II BY WESTERN BLOT HIV I RNA (QUALITATIVE) VDRL ( RPR ):

To screen for or diagnose an infection with the bacteriumTreponema pallidum, which causes syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

54. WIDAL TEST ( SLIDE METHOD ):

The Widal test is one method that may be used to help make a presumptive diagnosis of enteric fever, also known as typhoid fevers.

55. RHEUMATOID FACTOR (RF):

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes stiffness, pain, loss of mobility, inflammation, and erosion (deterioration) in the joints.

56. RUBELLA IgG Ab:

To determine if you have sufficient rubella antibodies to protect you from the rubella virus; to verify a past infection or detect a recent infection.

57. RUBELLA IgM Ab:

To determine if you have sufficient rubella antibodies to protect you from the rubella virus; to verify a past infection or detect a recent infection.